Sustainable Holiday Accommodation
This book critically examines the idea that the sustainability of agriculture could be improved by mimicking the structure and processes occurring in natural ecosystems. Researchers from around the world present comparative studies of multi-species farming systems, natural ecosystems and conventional agriculture. Case studies from Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and North and South America examine the implications of increasing the complexity of farming systems on water and nutrient cycling, productivity and resilience. Theoretical issues discussed include the role of biodiversity in agriculture, the trade-off between perenniality and productivity, the choice to integrate or segregate production and conservation in an agricultural landscape, and the social and economic challenges to adopting complex farming systems. One section is devoted to the application of this concept in southern Australia, where 15 million hectares of land are expected to be affected by salinity by the middle of the next century unless there is a significant change in agricultural practice.
In response to increasing concerns about the degradation of natural resources and the sustainability of agriculture, many research programs have been established in natural resource management (NRM). However, although methods for evaluating the impacts of crop improvement technologies are well developed, there is a dearth of methods for evaluating the impacts of NRM interventions. This is partly due to the complexity of interactions among natural resources, spatial and temporal dimensions of impact, and the valuation of direct and indirect environmental costs and benefits.
The origin of England and English language is better done by historians. However, England is a one of the country in United Kingdom. The remaining countries that make up United Kingdom is Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is a small but mighty kingdom that traverse all nooks and corners of the world in colonial past, present and the future. In view of the fact that all nations of the world that have ever had direct or indirect English touch behaves similar to the English men, including forgetting their mother tongue which the English people have refused to forget. The home base of the country is an island within 51 44; 0 26, 32 OD. Exactly lying at the center of the earth (the equator) - The Greenwich Meridian. Hence, the Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) from where other geographical times were derived. All forces of nature attract to the equator. Hence, all countries of the world are attracted to Greenwich (England in quote). Their Roman past has shaped their present and the future and may have informed the past, present and future. Igboji (2015) described fairly five periods of English agriculture. The prehistoric agriculture, time when predominantly all English land was regarded as pristine woodland (6000 BC to 1200 AD). The historic agriculture, period dominated by traditional shepherds and husbandmen whose activities included returning of wheat straw to the land during seebbed preparation and trying of certain innovations like use of red clover seeds imported from Holland to enrich soil fertility (1201 1699 AD). The agricultural revolution marked by the use of agricultural equipment like ploughs, harrow, thresher, chemical fertilizer and soil drainage technology, improved seeds in intensive and extensive arable and pastoral farming (1700 - 1904 AD). The post agricultural revolution, marked by the enclosure of open fields, common lands, meadows and wastes, conversion of land to more profitable uses, example laying of old arable land to permanent pasture or long leys, ploughing and putting under suitable rotation common and rough hills overgrown with weeds or that was bare through overgrazing (1905 to 1986 AD). The green planet, marked by environmental movements - earth first, green peace, green party and national and international treaties, as well as code of conduct for protection and preservation of air, water and soil resources (1987 to 2025 AD). The post green planet, a period where some environmental problems are envisaged ranging from higher greenhouse gases scenario and climate change (2026 - 2055 AD). The English generations of eight thousand years ago underestimated the English generation of the 21st century. Likewise, the 21st century English generation can never underestimate the next 8000 years generation. What manner of agriculture and agricultural landscape. Will there be farming in sea and ocean floor, in space, in the moon, stars and the sun. What manner of agriculture, crops, labour, price and land use. What type of soil and climate shall we have then. Shall there be still United Kingdom with four countries, European Union. Where will their next empire extend to. What type of world. Will there be a world of one citizen. World without borders or polarization. World free of nuclear proliferation and warheads. What manner of citizens and leaders shall the world hold by the next 8000 of English culture and diversity. Will global warming start and end at the Greenwich as the centre of the world. What implications for humanity. To me only God has the magic key and he lives after the sun but present everywhere in all realm and rule over nations and principalities. Since English scientist have failed to produce human blood, semen and egg irrespective of their feat in invitro-fertilisation, cloning, genetic modifications and high techs the solution still lies on God by atheists, Christians, Muslims, Buddhists, Sikhs, pagans and those who believe only in themselves. This book explores English milleniu"
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